You must be a beginner, because you are reading my article. In this topic I will show you how to use your guitar basically. Warning, this is very, extremely basic, so you may find it bored to skim. Try to read as much as you can, since I’m giving you all my experiences, of acoustic guitar only. Feel free to share~

Use Acoustic Guitar

  1. Name the parts of a guitar.

You think this is funny? Yeah, it is but you will need it to discuss with other guitarist about your instrument. Normally, it is comprised of:

Headstock: head of the guitar, where all strings end. Here, you would find the machine heads which are used to tune your guitar. Lower, at which the head stock ends you would see a slotted piece of wood, called the ‘nut’, used to connect headstock with the ‘neck’.

Neck: This long thin wooden piece is a major components of your guitar, with one flat side right under the strings named ‘fretchboard’, are marked so that you can find out where you are on the board. On this area, you will also see ‘frets’, running over the width of fingerboard, raising bits of strings to give exact half notes.

Sound hole: At the end of the neck, you meet the sound whole where sounds resonate.

  1. Hold it right:

Many beginners who take online class are not taught how to hold a guitar correctly. You’re lucky I decide to share it with you .

Casual style: If you’re right-handed, set your guitar on your right leg. You can use a footstools (about 15-20$ at the music store), no matter style you are following. The footstool raise your leg, which makes the guitar fit into a better position, especially for long periods of playing or practicing. One common mistake of newbie guitar players is to slouch the guitar in towards them so as to see their fingers, but they don’t know it makes bad posture and practice routine since it tires player. Instead, make sure you place the guitar upright and straight. Or, you can tighten your strumming arm around the guitar to keep it close. This prevents the guitar from slipping away and make good position.

Classical style: Move the footstool to your left foot, if you’re right-handed, then rest your guitar on your left leg. This brings up the neck further to the left and raises it more, which makes it easier for you to reach all the notes on the fingerboard. This style of holding a guitar can be harder for longer sessions, but I have a tips here, use a strap to help hold the guitar up, but easy for you to reach the notes.

  1. Tune it:

You need to have a guitar with correct tune or else it is extremely hard for you to play.

First off, you need to learn the strings name. From thickest to thinnest strings, also lowest to high pitch, are E, A, D, G, B and E. In music store, they sell an equipment called electric tuner that helps you do this easier. It has a micro to tell you if the sound created is too high or too low. Tighten the string to make the pitch higher, and vice versa. If you cannot finr a tuner, you can compare your pitch to one of another well tuned guitar, or to the piano notes.


A structured practice routine is the fastest, and most effective way to become a good guitar player, or even a guitar soloist. So if you are wondering why you still have difficulty with little transitions and stuffs, maybe you have not made the most of your practicing yet. Check out my tips below to see how you get an organized guitar session. Supposing it takes you 30 minutes a day to play the guitar.

Practicing Guitar Session

  1. Warm up: (5 minutes for beginner, 10 minutes for others)

Why would I say so? Well, in fact, if you are just about to take up with guitars, you should spend more time practicing skills than warming up, and vice versa with experienced learner. In this section, we focus on making blood flow and hands loosen up a little bit, so that transitions are played smoothly. Usually, I suggest lessons with basic chords (such as the “cowboy”) first, then you can look for other more complicated ones. The purpose is to transition within chords well and punctually, not that you will master guitar right away. Synchronizing both your hands is crucial, too, since no co-operation between them can send very ugly notes to your ears. Accuracy and speed are your goals.

In other tasks, I would not divide into particular periods of time.

  1. Ear training:

Always accompany with ear training when practicing, or it would be such a waste. It is a great opportunity to enhance your ability of telling which notes are playing, also to have better performance if you stand in the orchestra with many musicians. People who are born with naturally good ear should not underestimate the impact of training your hearing ability, or you cannot go any further, I’m sure.

  1. Theory

Sadly, music has theory too. But you and I know it is not dry as that of many subjects at school, right? In each session, you should spend 3 or 5 minutes reading some, to have much knowledge about music, and guitar, too. Mastering the theory not only helps you improve your chords better but also makes it easier for you if you want to try something “crazy”. I mean, maybe someday you try some new tunes and it happens to be really really good, but you need scales and notes formula to accomplish the right state, you won’t be have many problems anyways.

  1. Skills

This should be the part where everybody spend most of their session, right? Well, I’m not objecting this, but from where I see it, many people fail this step despite the fact that they sweep picking, trill for hours. All skills mean nothing if you just practice but not apply them to anything. What I’m trying to say here, is that you should not train it, then leave it. Mix techniques together, create your own chords, invent some new weird skills. Prove that you are you but no one else. Well, if you can, have a metronome.

  1. Relax

The fact that if you tense yourself, the session can never be effective like when you’re having a time of your life. Don’t stress out, really, because making mistakes is somehow the way you make it right afterwards. Randomly picking up a song is not bad, learn it with all time you have.


If you are planning to buy a guitar, especially an acoustic one, you probably have known clearly that no pedal or amplifier can cover your mistakes if you make them, unlike an electronic guitar.


Buying A Guitar

So, since you have made up your mind, I will be sharing some aspects you should be interested in if you don’t know what to look at. Feel free to check it out!


What you need, first and foremost, is to determine how much you are about to spend on this guitar. Put a limit that you will not cross, ever. You can think of such things like, you are gonna use it on what purpose. If just for practice, don’t buy an expensive one. In my opinion, performing would need more of a high-end acoustic guitar. Also, ask yourself which level you’re in. Amateurs and professionals’ options are different indeed. Thanks to manufacturers, a variety of guitars with different features and quality are always at your service. You may wanna do some research after making decision, so as to refer the proper prices you can afford, as well as see how people choose their guitar (just like what you’re doing now).

Style (Body style)

The style, for you and for me, is crucial. So, I think I don’t need to state how important this feature is, right? (Well I don’t even need to mention this and you guys have already looked at it, really).

Body style of a guitar varies all the times. Now, we have slim guitar, jumbo guitar, half-sized guitar,… The sound hole, the waste must align at the fretchboad, protected by a plastic pick guard. In general, they say the larger the soundboard, the deeper and larger the sound. They divide them into different groups, with the name telling it all: Concert and Grand Concert / Auditorium and Grand Auditorium / Jumbo / Dreadnought / Travel and Mini-Acoustics.

The strings, either nylon or steel, are mounted properly to the body at the bridge. Nylon is easier with hands, with softer tone, often used in flamenco classic guitars. However, modern acoustic guitars prefer steel strings because they give louder and brighter tone. Country musician, even rock player like them better.

Lastly, the tonewoods also decide how the outcome would be. There are too many of them that I decide not to mention them all here, only common ones. “Cedar” , a soft wood that gives a bright tone. It requires only a decent playing technique, that’s why it is usually used as top wood for classical or flamenco guitars, of sides and backs. Granadillo” is a scarce wood, kind of type of rosewood but denser. Traditionally, it is used to make sides and backs of acoustic guitars because its ability to produce clear and ringing tone, especially in marimba bars. “Maple” is also used for sides and backs, because of its low response rate and internal damping that produces a “dry” sound that emphasizes high-end tones. Its lower resonance makes it great for live sessions, even with a mix of instruments. Bands love maple for sure.

YOUR Preference

However, make sure you choose a guitar that fits your preference. It shoudn’t be too big for your hands or your body. Can you swing your hands freely when holding it, or struggling to pull the finger board? Can you transition smoothly between chords? Especially, do you feel comfortable holding it in your arms? Choosing a guitar is for you, not anyone else, so do not please anyone by purchasing a guitar that you-don’t-really-like, thinking it would be fine. It won’t, okay?